Plaque: A Comprehensive Guide

Plaque is a colorless film that consists of sugars and bacteria. It is usually sticky and is consistently forming on our teeth. According to dental professionals, it is the main cause of gum disease and cavities. If it is not removed on a daily basis, it can harden.

Once this occurs, it transitions into tartar. Dental plaque is considered to be a host-associated biofilm. Plaque has the capability to adhere to tooth surfaces, any restorations that are present within the mouth, as well as prosthetic appliances. In this comprehensive guide, you will learn about plaque and how it impacts your oral health.

Dental Plaque: A Comprehensive GuidePlaque Symptoms

Each of us develops plaque. This is due to the fact that bacteria constantly grow in the mouth. When plaque is not removed from the teeth and around the gum line, it can result in inflammation. Additionally, the gums may become irritated.

When this happens, gingivitis may develop. This causes the gums to become discolored, swollen, and may cause the gums to bleed. If this is not treated immediately, it could develop into periodontal disease. When this happens, tooth loss may, eventually, occur.

As plaque is allowed to remain on the teeth, it could result in the development of tartar, which is a type of mineral buildup. If this happens, there may be yellow or brown discoloration between the teeth or at the gum line.

Plaque Causes

Each of us has natural bacteria that constantly grows within our mouths. When we consume drinks or foods, a lot of the ingredients of these products remain in our mouths. The bacteria thrive on these products.

Top examples include sugars, acids, and carbohydrates. When the bacteria thrive, acids are produced. These attack the surfaces of the mouth. If we fail to brush and floss appropriately, plaque develops. Brushing, flossing, and professional cleanings work together in order to remove plaque.

If it is not removed, the plaque will detrimentally impact all components of the mouth – including the bone that aids in providing support to the teeth.

Preventing Plaque

With the proper level of care, it is possible to prevent an accumulation of plaque within the mouth. By following the steps outlined below, you will achieve success in this endeavor:

  1. You should brush the teeth at least twice daily.
  2. When brushing, go for at least two minutes.
  3. You should thoroughly floss at least once a day.
  4. Foods and beverages that contain a high amount of starch and sugar should be avoided.
  5. Each year, you should visit the dentist twice. While there, have a comprehensive exam and a professional cleaning done.

We here at American Dental of Fitzgerald care about your oral health. We can provide you with comprehensive information on plaque and tartar, as well as steps that may be taken to avoid the detriment of these substances.

Additionally, we offer many services that will optimize your dental health. For more information on these services and for assistance with your dental health needs, simply contact us today:


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